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Atrial fibrillation: relation between clinical risk factors and transoesophageal echocardiographic risk factors for thromboembolism
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  • Published on:
    Author's reply
    • Stefan Illien, Physician
    • Other Contributors:
      • Berndt Lüderitz, Heyder Omran

    Dear Editor

    We wish to thank Claudia Stöllberger and Josef Finsterer very much for their comments on our paper.

    The primary aim of our study was to correlate clinical risk factors for thromboembolism with transoesephageal markers of a thrombogenic milieu. Actually, we could demonstrate that those parameters were related closely. 58.8% of patients with clinical risk factors had a thrombogenic milieu. An incre...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.
  • Published on:
    The relevance of spontaneous echo contrast and reduced left atrial appendage flow velocities as inde

    Dear Editor

    In their interesting study, Illien et al.[1] recently reported that among 302 consecutive patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation(AF), 8 were detected who had no clinical risk factors for stroke/embolism (age>65, previous stroke/embolism, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart failure) but a transesophageal echocardiographic(TEE) finding of a “thrombogenic milieu”, either sponta...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.