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White blood cell count and long term mortality after non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome treated with very early revascularisation
  1. C Mueller1,*,
  2. F-J Neumann1,
  3. A P Perruchoud2,
  4. H J Buettner1
  1. 1Herz-Zentrum Bad Krozingen, Bad Krozingen, Germany
  2. 2University Hospital Basel, Department of Internal Medicine, Basel, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr C Mueller, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland;


Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of white blood cell count (WBC) for short and long term mortality in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTACS) treated with a very early invasive strategy.

Design: Prospective cohort study in 1391 consecutive patients with NSTACS undergoing very early revascularisation. Patients were stratified according to quartiles of WBC determined on admission.

Results: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a cumulative three year survival of 93.8% in the first quartile of WBC (< 6800/mm3), 94.4% in the second quartile (6800–8000/mm3), 95.1% in the third quartile (8000–10000/mm3), and 82.4% in the fourth quartile (> 10000/mm3) at 36 months (p < 0.001 by log rank). Relative to patients in the three lower WBC quartiles, patients in the highest quartile were three times more likely to die during the hospitalisation (hazard ratio 3.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5 to 7.1; p = 0.003) and during long term follow up (hazard ratio 3.4, 95% CI 2.2 to 5.3; p < 0.001). By multivariate Cox regression analysis including baseline demographic, clinical, and angiographic covariables, WBC in the highest quartile remained a strong independent predictor of mortality (hazard ratio 3.3, 95% CI 1.9 to 5.6; p < 0.001).

Conclusions: WBC is a strong independent predictor of short and long term mortality after NSTACS treated with very early revascularisation.

  • white blood cell count
  • non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes
  • revascularisation
  • CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting
  • CAD, coronary artery disease
  • CI, confidence interval
  • CRP, C reactive protein
  • MI, myocardial infarction
  • NSTACS, non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes
  • OPUS, orbofiban in patients with unstable coronary syndromes
  • PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention
  • TIMI, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction
  • WBC, white blood cell count

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  • * Also the University Hospital Basel