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Ablate and pace revisited: long term survival and predictors of permanent atrial fibrillation
  1. A Queiroga,
  2. H J Marshall,
  3. M Clune,
  4. M D Gammage
  1. The University of Birmingham, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Michael D Gammage, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK;


Objective: To assess long term mortality and identify factors associated with the development of permanent atrial fibrillation after atrioventricular (AV) node ablation for drug refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: UK tertiary centre teaching hospital.

Patients: Patients admitted to the University Hospital Birmingham between January 1995 and December 2000.

Interventions: AV node ablation and dual chamber mode switching pacing.

Main outcome measures: Long term mortality and predictors of permanent atrial fibrillation, assessed through Kaplan-Meier curves and logistic regression.

Results: 114 patients (1995–2000) were included: age (mean (SD)), 65 (9) years; 55 (48%) male; left atrial diameter 4 (1) cm; left ventricular end diastolic diameter 5 (1) cm; ejection fraction 54 (17)%. Indications for AV node ablation were paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in 95 (83%) and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/flutter in 19 (17%). The survival curve showed a low overall mortality after 72 months (10.5%). Fifty two per cent of patients progressed to permanent atrial fibrillation within 72 months. There was no difference in progression to permanency between paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/flutter (log rank 0.06, p = 0.8). Logistic regression did not show any association between the variables collected and the development of permanent atrial fibrillation, although age over 80 years showed a trend (p = 0.07).

Conclusions: Ablate and pace is associated with a low overall mortality. No predictors of permanent atrial fibrillation were identified, but 48% of patients were still in sinus rhythm at 72 months. These results support the use of dual chamber pacing for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation patients after ablate and pace.

  • atrial fibrillation
  • ablation
  • pacemaker
  • cardiac arrhythmia

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