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The effect of not using an internal mammary artery as a conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting
  1. B J Leavitt
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Bruce J Leavitt
    Division of Thoracic & Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT 05401, USA;


When presented with a high risk case for coronary bypass surgery, the surgeon can confidently use an internal mammary artery as a conduit for that patient

  • CABG, coronary artery bypass graft
  • CAD, coronary artery disease
  • CASS, coronary artery surgery study
  • IMA, internal mammary artery
  • ITA, internal thoracic artery
  • NNE, Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group
  • NQF, National Quality Forum
  • SVG, saphenous vein graft
  • internal mammary artery
  • coronary artery bypass graft
  • saphenous vein graft

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