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Cardiac effects of anabolic steroids
  1. J R Payne,
  2. P J Kotwinski,
  3. H E Montgomery
  1. Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics, British Heart Foundation Laboratories, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr H E Montgomery
    British Heart Foundation Laboratories, Royal Free & University College Medical School, Rayne Building, 5 University Street, London WC1E 6JF, UK;


Anabolic steroid abuse in athletes has been associated with a wide range of adverse conditions, including hypogonadism, testicular atrophy, impaired spermatogenesis, gynaecomastia, and psychiatric disturbance. But what effect does steroid abuse have on the cardiovascular system?

  • steroid
  • hypertrophy
  • exercise
  • anabolic steroids
  • AAS, anabolic/androgenic steroids
  • AR, androgen receptor
  • ExU, ex-users of anabolic steroids
  • hCG, human chorionic gonadotrophin
  • hGH, human growth hormone
  • LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy
  • LVMM, left ventricular muscle mass
  • RAS, renin-angiotensin system
  • RT, resistance training
  • U, users of anabolic steroids
  • WL, weightlifters

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