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Regional variation in ICD implantation rates: the shocking truth?
  1. C C Lang
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Christopher C Lang
    Department of Cardiology, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4SA, UK;


There is considerable disparity in the implantation of ICDs across the UK, with a fourfold difference between regions with the highest and lowest implantation rates

  • AVID, antiarrhythmics versus implantable defibrillators
  • CIDS, Canadian implantable defibrillator study
  • EP, electrophysiology
  • ICD, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • MADIT, multicentre automatic defibrillator implantation trial
  • MUSTT, multicenter unsustained tachycardia trial
  • NICE, National Institute for Clinical Excellence
  • OOHCA, out of hospital cardiac arrest
  • defibrillator
  • ICD
  • ICD implantation rate
  • implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • UK

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