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Dilated coronary arterial lesions in the late period after Kawasaki disease
  1. E Tsuda1,
  2. T Kamiya1,
  3. Y Ono1,
  4. K Kimura2,
  5. S Echigo1
  1. 1Department of Paediatrics, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
  2. 2Department of Radiology, National Cardiovascular Center
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Etsuko Tsuda
    Department of Paediatrics, National Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1 Fujishirodai, Suita-shi, Osaka, 565-8565, Japan;


Objectives: There are two types of late coronary dilated lesions after Kawasaki disease: new aneurysms and expanding aneurysms. The development of coronary dilated lesions late after Kawasaki disease was investigated.

Methods: Between 1978 and 2003, 562 patients with coronary arterial lesions underwent selective coronary angiography on at least two occasions.

Results: Of the 562 patients studied, 17 new dilated or expanding lesions were found in 15 patients (3%, 11 boys, four girls). The time of detection of new aneurysms after Kawasaki disease ranged from 1.9–19.2 years (median 11.4 years) and their diameters ranged from 2.0–6.5 mm (median 4.4 mm). Thirteen new aneurysms occurred in vessels in which previous aneurysms had regressed and all new aneurysms were associated with localised stenosis. A new aneurysm at the bifurcation or in the branches was seen in 14 (93%) and 13 were eccentric (87%). Of two expanding aneurysms, one involved the right coronary artery in one patient and the other the left anterior descending coronary artery. One expanding aneurysm increased from 4.4 mm to 19.5 mm over 17 years, and the other expanding aneurysm increased from 10 mm to 15 mm in one year.

Conclusions: Neither new nor expanding aneurysms have caused cardiac events. New aneurysms often develop as a pre-stenotic or post-stenotic dilatation secondary to localised stenosis. New and expanding aneurysms may be caused by haemodynamic factors in addition to the abnormality of the coronary arterial wall after severe acute vasculitis. Coronary arterial wall abnormalities were stenosis as well as, rarely, dilatation of the vessels in the late period. It is important to recognise that the changes of the coronary arterial wall persist late after regression of a large aneurysm.

  • CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting
  • KD, Kawasaki disease
  • LAD, left anterior descending coronary artery
  • RCA, right coronary artery
  • Kawasaki disease
  • coronary artery aneurysm
  • new aneurysm
  • expanding aneurysm
  • localised stenosis

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