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Inequalities in coronary revascularisation during the 1990s: evidence from the British regional heart study
  1. R W Morris1,
  2. P H Whincup2,
  3. O Papacosta1,
  4. M Walker1,
  5. A Thomson1
  1. 1Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
  2. 2Department of Community Health Sciences, St George’s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Richard W Morris
    Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London NW3 2PF, UK;


Objective: To investigate the influence of age and social circumstances on probability of revascularisation among British men.

Design: Prospective population based study

Setting: 24 medium sized British towns, none of which contained a hospital undertaking coronary artery bypass surgery.

Subjects: 5814 surviving participants of the BRHS (British regional heart study), aged 52–73 years, with no history of revascularisation when responding to a questionnaire in November 1992.

Main outcomes: Incident coronary revascularisations, as documented in general practitioner records, over the following 7.1 years and coronary angiography investigations reported by men in a further questionnaire in November 1996.

Results: 160 men underwent at least one revascularisation during this period (4.2/1000 person-years). In multifactorial analysis, which included adjustment for incidence of major coronary heart disease or angina, a lower incidence of revascularisation was found among men aged over 65 years in November 1992 (hazard ratio 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44 to 0.87), among men with manual occupations (0.73, 95% CI 0.53 to 1.02), among men living in households possessing no car (0.44, 95% CI 0.24 to 0.80) or one car (0.60, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.87) compared with two or more cars, among council tenants (0.49, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.97), and among men living outside southern England (0.71, 95% CI 0.51 to 0.99). Only car ownership was related to the incidence of diagnostic angiography: the odds ratio for angiography for those owning fewer than two cars was 0.62 (95% CI 0.42 to 0.89).

Conclusion: During the 1990s, there were major inequalities in the probability of undergoing coronary revascularisation between British men according to socioeconomic status, age, and geographic location.

  • BRHS, British regional heart study
  • CI, confidence interval
  • Q1, questionnaire completed at the start of the study
  • Q92, follow up questionnaire completed in November 1992
  • age group
  • coronary revascularisation
  • epidemiology
  • social inequality

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