Objective: To assess the potential relation between plaque composition and vascular remodelling by using spectral analysis of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) radiofrequency data.
Methods and results: 41 coronary vessels with non-significant (< 50% diameter stenosis by angiography), ⩽ 20 mm, non-ostial lesions located in non-culprit vessels underwent IVUS interrogation. IVUS radiofrequency data obtained with a 30 MHz catheter, were analysed with IVUS virtual histology software. A remodelling index (RI) was calculated and divided into three groups. Lesions with RI ⩾ 1.05 were considered to have positive remodelling and lesions with RI ⩽ 0.95 were considered to have negative remodelling. Lesions with RI ⩾ 1.05 had a significantly larger lipid core than lesions with RI 0.96–1.04 and RI ⩽ 0.95 (22.1 (6.3) v 15.1 (7.6) v 6.6 (6.9), p < 0.0001). A positive correlation between lipid core and RI (r = 0.83, p < 0.0001) and an inverse correlation between fibrous tissue and RI (r = −0.45, p = 0.003) were also significant. All of the positively remodelled lesions were thin cap fibroatheroma or fibroatheromatous lesions, whereas negatively remodelled lesions had a more stable phenotype, with 64% having pathological intimal thickening, 29% being fibrocalcific lesions, and only 7% fibroatheromatous lesions (p < 0.0001).
Conclusions: In this study, in vivo plaque composition and morphology assessed by spectral analysis of IVUS radiofrequency data were related to coronary artery remodelling.
- CSA, cross sectional area
- IVUS, intravascular ultrasound
- MLA, minimum lumen area
- RI, remodelling index
- VH, virtual histology
- plaque characterisation
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