Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
- BAC, breast arterial calcium
- CHD, coronary heart disease
- CI, confidence interval
- hs-CRP, high sensitivity C reactive protein
- Prospect-EPIC, European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
- OR, odds ratio
Calcifications along the wall of the breast arteries are commonly seen on mammograms, but it is still unclear whether they can identify women at risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). In breast cancer screening populations the prevalence of breast arterial calcium (BAC) is 9%, whereas it is present in 23% of women at increased risk for CHD.1 Although several studies have shown that classic cardiovascular risk factors for atherosclerosis are associated with mammographic arterial calcifications, thus far the correlation with clinical coronary artery disease is controversial.2,3 As other factors such as the total number of pregnancies are important in the prevalence of BAC, its multiple causes remain poorly understood.1
Chronic low grade inflammation is an important aspect of atherosclerosis. Data on inflammatory markers such as fibrinogen and high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) in calcification of atherosclerotic arteries are conflicting and not studied in arterial calcifications on mammograms.4 To further explore the pathophysiological process of BAC we investigated mammograms and inflammatory markers in women from a breast cancer screening program. …
Competing interests: None declared.