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Why does the heart rate response to exercise predict adverse cardiac events?


The physiological mechanisms responsible for determining heart rate during exercise are complex, and further research into “chronotropic incompetence” is clearly required

  • BRS, baroreflex sensitivity
  • HRV, heart rate variability
  • NT-proBNP, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide
  • endothelial function
  • heart rate
  • inflammation
  • exercise testing

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