Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Similar cardiac remodelling after transcatheter atrial septal defect closure in children and young adults
  1. G Santoro,
  2. M Pascotto,
  3. S Caputo,
  4. F Cerrato,
  5. M Cappelli Bigazzi,
  6. M T Palladino,
  7. C Iacono,
  8. M Carrozza,
  9. M G Russo,
  10. R Calabrò
  1. Division of Cardiology, A O “Monaldi”, 2nd University of Naples, Naples, Italy
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Giuseppe Santoro
    Via Vito Lembo, 14, 84131 Salerno, Italy; santoropino{at}


Objective: To study the cardiac geometric changes after transcatheter closure of large atrial septal defects (ASDs) according to patient age at the time of the procedure.

Design: Prospective echocardiographic follow-up study.

Setting: Tertiary referral centre.

Patients and intervention: 25 asymptomatic patients younger than 16 years (median 8 years; group 1) and 21 asymptomatic adults (median 38 years; group 2) underwent percutaneous closure of large ASD with the Amplatzer septal occluder device (mean 25 (SD 7) mm).

Main outcome measures: Cardiac remodelling was assessed by M mode and two dimensional echocardiography one and six months after ASD closure.

Results: By six months, right atrial volume decreased from 31 (15) to 19 (5) ml/m2 (p < 0.001) and right ventricular (RV) transverse diameter decreased from 29.8 (8.6) to 23.2 (5.6) mm/m2 (p < 0.001). Conversely, left atrial volume did not change significantly (from 18 (6) to 20 (6) ml/m2, NS) and left ventricular (LV) transverse diameter increased from 27.8 (6.4) to 31.8 (7.3) mm/m2 (p < 0.05). Ventricular remodelling resulted in an RV:LV diameter ratio decrease from 1.1 (0.2) to 0.7 (0.1) (p < 0.001). The magnitude and time course of cardiac remodelling did not differ significantly between the age groups. Indeed, right atrial volume decreased by 33 (26)% versus 37 (23)%, RV diameter decreased by 26 (10)% versus 20 (13)%, LV diameter increased by 17 (15)% versus 15 (10)%, and RV:LV diameter ratio decreased by 36 (8)% versus 27 (15)% in groups 1 and 2, respectively.

Conclusions: Cardiac remodelling after percutaneous ASD closure seems to be independent of the patient’s age at the time of the procedure up to early adulthood. Thus, postponing ASD closure for a few years may be a reasonable option for potentially suitable asymptomatic children.

  • ASD, atrial septal defect
  • LV, left ventricular
  • RV, right ventricular
  • atrial septal defect
  • device
  • echocardiography
  • cardiac remodelling

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Published Online First 9 December 2005

  • The first two authors contributed equally to this work