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Diagnostic and clinical perspectives of fusion imaging in cardiology: is the total greater than the sum of its parts?
  1. J J Bax1,
  2. R S Beanlands2,
  3. F J Klocke3,
  4. J Knuuti4,
  5. A A Lammertsma5,
  6. M A Schaefers6,
  7. H R Schelbert7,
  8. G K Von Schulthess8,
  9. L J Shaw9,
  10. G Z Yang10,
  11. P G Camici10
  1. 1Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
  2. 2University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  3. 3Feinberg Cardiovascular Research Institute, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  4. 4Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland
  5. 5Free University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  6. 6Klinik und Poliklinik für Nuclearmedizin, Münster, Germany
  7. 7The David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  8. 8University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  9. 9Cedars Sinai Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA
  10. 10Imperial College School of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
    Professor Paolo G Camici
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK; paolo.camici{at}


Positron emission tomography, cardiovascular magnetic resonance and multislice computed tomography have contributed to changing our pathophysiological understanding of many conditions. Clinically, they have provided new tools for the identification of preclinical disease and a better understanding of how disease progresses. The application of these imaging modalities to preclinical disease and the use of these techniques in patients with overt cardiovascular disease are reviewed.

  • CAC, coronary artery calcium
  • CAD, coronary artery disease
  • CMR, cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • CT, computed tomography
  • FDG, fluorodeoxyglucose
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • MSCT, multislice computed tomography
  • PET, positron emission tomography
  • SPECT, single photon emission computed tomography

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