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Global burden of cardiovascular disease
  1. John E Sanderson1,
  2. Bongani Mayosi2,
  3. Salim Yusuf3,
  4. Srinath Reddy4,
  5. Shengshou Hu5,
  6. Zhengming Chen6,
  7. Adam Timmis7
  1. 1
    Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  2. 2
    Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
  3. 3
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
  4. 4
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  5. 5
    Fu Wai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
  6. 6
    CTSU, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  7. 7
    London Chest Hospital, London, UK
  1. Professor J E Sanderson, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine The Medical School University of Birmingham, Edgbaston Birmingham B15 2TT, UK; j.e.sanderson{at}

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It was estimated in 1998 that 85% of the global burden of cardiovascular diseases occurred in low and middle income countries.1 2 Furthermore, about half the deaths in the 1990s attributable to cardiovascular diseases in these countries were in those below the age of 70 years compared with only a quarter in the developed countries.2

Although the mortality rate of cardiovascular diseases and prevalence of major …

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  • Conflict of interest: None declared.

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