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Serial long-term evaluation of neointimal stent coverage and thrombus after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation by use of coronary angioscopy

Abstract

Objective: Progression of neointimal stent coverage (NSC) and changes in thrombus were evaluated serially by coronary angioscopy for up to 2 years after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation.

Methods: Serial angioscopic observations were performed in 20 segments of 20 patients at baseline, at 6 months and at 2 years after SES implantation. NSC was classified as follows: 0, uncovered struts; 1, visible struts through thin neointima; or 2, no visible struts. In each patient, maximum and minimum NSC was evaluated. Existence of thrombus was also examined.

Results: The maximum NSC increased from 6 months to 2 years (mean (SD) 1.2 (0.4) vs 1.8 (0.4), respectively, p = 0.005), while the minimum NSC did not change (0.7 (0.5) vs 0.8 (0.4), respectively, p = 0.25). The prevalence of patients with uncovered struts did not decrease from 6 months to 2 years (35% vs 20%, respectively, p = 0.29). Although there were no thrombus-related adverse events, new thrombus formation was found in 5% of 6-month, and in 20% of 2-year follow-up evaluations. The prevalence of thrombus inside the SES at baseline, 6 months and 2 years was similar (40%, 40% and 30%, respectively; p = NS).

Conclusions: Neointimal growth inside the SES progressed heterogeneously. Uncovered struts persisted in 20% of the patients for up to 2 years and subclinical thrombus formation was not uncommon.

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