Background: Tissue synchronisation imaging (TSI) is a new technique to assess left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony.
Objectives: The value of using TSI to automatically assess LV dyssynchrony compared with manual assessment of LV dyssynchrony from colour-coded tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), and to evaluate the value of TSI to predict response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT).
Methods: 60 symptomatic patients with heart failure with depressed LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and QRS >120 ms were evaluated clinically and echocardiographically at baseline and after 6 months of CRT. LV dyssynchrony was measured manually using velocity tracings from the colour-coded TDI and automatically using TSI. LV volumes and LVEF were assessed from two-dimensional echocardiography. Clinical responders had to exhibit an improvement in New York Heart Association functional class by ⩾1 score and an improvement by ⩾25% in 6 min walking distance after 6 months. Reverse LV remodelling was defined as a reduction of ⩾15% LV end-systolic volume.
Results: An excellent correlation was observed between LV dyssynchrony measured manually and automatically derived by TSI (r = 0.95, p<0.001). 34 patients showed clinical response after 6 months of CRT and 32 patients showed reverse remodelling. Baseline characteristics were comparable between responders and non-responders, except for more extensive LV dyssynchrony in the responders: 78 (26) vs 29 (29) ms (p<0.001) as assessed manually, and 79 (29) vs 28 (27) ms (p<0.001) as assessed with TSI. Using a cut-off value of 65 ms to define extensive LV dyssynchrony, TSI had a sensitivity of 81% with a specificity of 89% to predict reverse LV remodelling.
Conclusion: TSI allows automatic and reliable assessment of LV dyssynchrony and predicts reverse LV remodelling after CRT.
- CRT, cardiac resynchronisation therapy
- LV, left ventricular
- LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction
- NYHA, New York Heart Association
- TDI, tissue Doppler imaging
- TSI, tissue synchronisation imaging
- Ts, systolic velocity
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