Background: Data comparing survival outcomes for women versus men transported for pPCI were absent.
Objectives: To assess the impact of gender on 30-day mortality of patients with STEMI transported for pPCI.
Methods: The data from the PRAGUE-1 and PRAGUE-2 trials were analysed. Studies compared thrombolysis in the community hospital and pPCI after transportation to cardiocentre. A group of 520 patients treated with thrombolysis, and 530 transported for pPCI, were analysed.
Results: Women were older, with a higher risk profile. They had longer ischaemia time. Mortality of patients treated with TL was significantly higher in women than in men (15% vs 9%, p = 0.043). There was no significant gender difference in mortality in the PCI group (8.2% of women vs 6.2% of men, p = 0.409). Mortality of women treated with on-site TL was nearly twice as high as mortality of women transported for pPCI (p = 0.043). After adjustment in a multivariate model the odds ratio for mortality in women was 0.74 (95% CI 0.26 to 2.05; p = 0.556).
Conclusion: Long-distance transportation of women with STEMI from a community hospital to a tertiary PCI centre is a significantly more effective treatment strategy than on-site TL. Gender did not determine survival in patients transported for pPCI.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests: None.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.