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Optimising device imaging in atrial septal closure by three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography
  1. W Budts,
  2. E Troost,
  3. J-U Voigt
  1. werner.budts{at}

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Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale has become a routine interventional procedure.1 Two main types of device are currently used: the double umbrella and the double disk devices.

During the procedure, first the left part of the device is deployed in the left atrium, …

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