Background: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) elevations have been reported to occur after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) discharges, but their prognostic significance is unknown.
Objective: To evaluate whether cTnT elevations occurring after ICD discharges have an impact on survival.
Design: Prospective observational study.
Patients: 174 patients (mean (SD) age 68 (12) years, 32 women) who received spontaneous (n = 66) or induced (n = 108) ICD discharges were studied. The mean (SD) left ventricular ejection fraction was 29 (11)%.
Main outcome measures: Troponin T was measured between 12 and 24 h after ICD discharge. Patients received between 1 and 19 discharges (mean (SD) 2.4 (2.4)), with total delivered energy ranging from 6 to 288 J (mean (SD) 41 (63) J). The relationship between cTnT levels and all-cause mortality was assessed in univariate and multivariate analyses.
Results: During a median follow-up period of 41.8 months (range 3–123), 56 patients died. Patients with a post-discharge cTnT level of ⩾0.05 ng/ml had worse survival than those with cTnT <0.05 ng/ml. The significant relationship between raised cTnT and survival was retained in Cox multivariate analysis adjusted for total ICD energy delivered during an arrhythmia episode, age, sex, presence of coronary artery disease, left ventricular ejection fraction and serum creatinine.
Conclusions: Elevation of troponin T after ICD discharge, even when it occurs after device testing, is a risk factor for mortality that is independent of other common clinical factors that predict survival in such patients.
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Competing interests: None.
Ethics approval: Ethics committee approval obtained from Bridgeport Hospital Internal Review Board.