Objective: The effects of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on endothelial function are unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effects of G-CSF on endothelial function.
Methods: 76 patients participating in the MAGIC-Cell-3-DES trial were enrolled. These were patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or old MI (OMI) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and were prospectively randomised into a G-CSF group (G-CSF (10 μg/kg/day) injection for 3 days after PCI) or a control group. Additionally, 20 healthy volunteers were also enrolled. These subjects were categorised into five groups: AMI-control (n = 18), AMI-G-CSF (18), OMI-control (20), OMI-G-CSF (20) and healthy-G-CSF (20). Baseline flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and serum inflammatory biomarkers were performed on day 1, and repeated on day 4 in all groups. G-CSF was injected for 3 days between days 1 and 4 in the AMI-G-CSF, OMI-G-CSF and healthy-G-CSF groups.
Results: In both the healthy-G-CSF and OMI-G-CSF groups, G-CSF increased serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (0.3 (0.5) mg/l vs 6.1 (3.5) mg/l and 5.6 (3.8) mg/l vs 13.0 (7.7) mg/l, baseline vs post-G-CSF in the healthy and OMI-G-CSF groups, respectively, p<0.001). In the AMI-G-CSF group, G-CSF hindered the decline of hsCRP during the recovery phase, resulting in a relative increase in hsCRP. However, in all three groups, G-CSF did not significantly alter FMD.
Conclusion: Despite an associated increase in systemic inflammation, G-CSF treatment does not lead to acute impairment of brachial artery endothelial function in either healthy subjects or patients with MI.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.