Background: Dual-source CT (DSCT) promises a significant reduction of radiation dose exposure for coronary CT angiography (CTA). Large studies on radiation dose estimates are rare.
Objective: To compare radiation dose estimates of DSCT with 16- and 64-slice multidetector CT (MDCT) for non-invasive coronary angiography.
Patients and design: Retrospective data analysis was performed on 292 patients: 56 patients were examined with 16-slice MDCT, 38 patients with 64-slice MDCT and 202 patients using DSCT. The effective dose (ED) estimates were calculated for all patients from the dose–length product and the conversion factor k (0.017 mSv/mGy/cm), as recommended by current guidelines.
Results: The mean (SD) ED for patients examined by 16-slice MDCT was 9.8 (1.8) mSv, for 64-slice MDCT 8.6 (2.8) mSv and for DSCT 11.4 (7.2) mSv. With a protocol of 100 kV tube voltage and 110 ms ECG pulsing window the mean (SD) ED was 3.8 (1.7) mSv for DSCT scanning. When DSCT with a tube voltage of 100 kV was used, a significant inverse correlation between heart rate and radiation dose exposure was found.
Conclusions: When standard protocols for coronary CTA with 16-, 64-slice MDCT and DSCT scanners are used, the radiation dose is still high. However, using optimised and individually adjusted protocols low estimated radiation doses can be achieved.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
JR and GC contributed equally to the study.
Competing interests: Not declared.
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