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Heart rhythm disorders and pacemakers
Pulmonary vein isolation combined with substrate modification for persistent atrial fibrillation treatment in patients with valvular heart diseases
  1. Correspondence to Dr X Liu, Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Chest Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, No 241 West Huaihai Road, Shanghai, P.R.China 200030; xkliuxu{at}126.com
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Wang X, Liu X, Shi H, et al
Pulmonary vein isolation combined with substrate modification for persistent atrial fibrillation treatment in patients with valvular heart diseases

Publication history

  • Accepted November 17, 2008
  • First published May 28, 2009.
Online issue publication 
October 14, 2009

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