Article Text

Download PDFPDF
The impact of acute reduction of continuous-flow left ventricular assist device support on cardiac and exercise performance
  1. Djordje G Jakovljevic1,2,
  2. Robert S George3,4,
  3. David Nunan5,
  4. Gay Donovan2,
  5. Robert S Bougard3,
  6. Magdi H Yacoub4,
  7. Emma J Birks3,4,6,
  8. David A Brodie2
  1. 1MRC Muscle Performance and Exercise Training Laboratory, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  2. 2Research Centre for Society and Health, Buckinghamshire New University, UK
  3. 3Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, London, UK
  4. 4Magdi Yacoub Institute, Heart Science Centre, London, UK
  5. 5King's College Hospital, UK
  6. 6University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Djordje G Jakovljevic, Muscle Performance and Exercise Training Laboratory, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 5PL, UK; d.jakovljevic{at}


Background The use of the HeartMate II continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) improves survival, quality of life and functional capacity of patients with advanced heart failure. However, no study so far has shown the benefits of these devices for cardiac function during peak exercise.

Objective To assess cardiac and exercise performance in patients implanted with the HeartMate II LVAD under two settings: (i) optimal device support and (ii) reduced device support.

Methods Twelve patients implanted with a HeartMate II LVAD performed a graded cardiopulmonary exercise test with respiratory gas exchange and non-invasive (rebreathing) haemodynamic measurements. After a 4 h resting period, patients performed an additional cardiopulmonary exercise test with reduced LVAD support (pump speed was reduced from optimal 9000–9600 to 6000 revs/min).

Results In response to reduced HeartMate II LVAD support, resting cardiac power output and cardiac output decreased by 21% and 13%, respectively. Also at reduced device support, peak exercise cardiac power output was 39% lower (1.40±0.50 vs 2.31±0.58 W; p<0.05), peak cardiac output 30% lower (8.6±2.5 vs 12.2±2.1 l/min; p<0.05) and mean blood pressure 13% lower (74.3±14.9 vs 85.4±15.4 vs mm Hg; p<0.05). Exercise capacity was also diminished with 23% lower peak oxygen consumption (14.1±5.3 vs 18.2±4.5 ml/kg/min; p<0.05) and an 18% shorter exercise duration (516±119 vs 628±192 s; p<0.05).

Conclusion It has been shown for the first time that the HeartMate II LVAD can confer both resting and peak cardiac functional benefits to patients with end-stage heart failure, thus improving exercise capacity.

  • Cardiac power
  • LVAD
  • HeartMate II
  • Exercise performance
  • haemodynamics
  • artificial heart
  • exercise testing
  • cardiomyopathy dilated

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • DGJ and RSG contributed equally.

  • Funding This study was funded by the Research Centre for Health Studies at Buckinghamshire New University. DGJ received a bursary to undertake this study as part of his PhD thesis. Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust received an education grant to study recovery in patients receiving the Harefield Recovery protocol from Thoratec corporation.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Royal Brompton and Harefield National Health Service.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.