Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original article
Coffee consumption and the risk of heart failure in Finnish men and women
  1. Yujie Wang1,2,
  2. Jaakko Tuomilehto3,4,5,6,
  3. Pekka Jousilahti4,
  4. Riitta Antikainen7,
  5. Markku Mähönen3,
  6. Satu Männistö4,
  7. Peter T Katzmarzyk1,
  8. Gang Hu1
  1. 1Population Science, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
  2. 2School of Human Ecology, Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
  3. 3Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  4. 4Department of Chronic Diseases Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
  5. 5South Ostrobothnia Central Hospital, Seinäjoki, Finland
  6. 6Red RECAVA Grupo RD06/0014/0015, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain
  7. 7Oulu City Hospital and Institute of Health Sciences, Oulu University and Unit of General Practice (Geriatrics), Oulu, Finland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gang Hu, Chronic Disease Epidemiology Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA;{at}


Objectives To evaluate the association of coffee consumption with the risk of heart failure (HF) in the Finnish population.

Design Prospective population-based cohort study.

Setting This study, which is a part of FINRISK study, was carried out in Finland.

Subjects Study cohorts included 59 490 Finnish participants aged 25–74 years who were free of HF at baseline.

Main outcome measures HF (2020 men and 1807 women) during a mean follow-up of 19.2 years.

Results Multivariable-adjusted (age, study year, body mass index, smoking, education, alcohol consumption, tea consumption, physical activity, systolic blood pressure, history of myocardial infarction, history of valvular heart disease, history of diabetes and total cholesterol) HRs (with 95% CI) of HF associated with the amount of coffee consumption daily (0, 1–2, 3–4, 5–6, 7–9 and ≥10 cups) were 1.00, 0.91 (0.71 to 1.16), 0.88 (0.70 to 1.10), 0.91 (0.73 to 1.13), 0.96 (0.76 to 1.22) and 1.02 (0.80 to 1.30) (ptrend=0.485) for men and 1.00, 0.73 (0.56 to 0.97), 0.77 (0.60 to 0.98), 0.68 (0.53 to 0.88), 0.80 (0.61 to 1.04) and 0.88 (0.65 to 1.19) (ptrend=0.007) for women, respectively. Stratification by age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and body mass index gave similar results.

Conclusion Coffee consumption does not increase the risk of HF in Finnish men and women. In women, an inverse association was observed between low to moderate coffee consumption and the risk of HF.

  • Coffee
  • incidence
  • heart failure
  • epidemiology

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Funding This work was supported by grants from the Finnish Academy (108297 and 118065) and Special Research Funds of the Social Welfare and Health Board, City of Oulu.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted according to the ethical rules of the National Public Health Institute and the investigations were performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Participants provided informed consent (verbal from 1972 to 1992 and written in 1997 and 2002).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.