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- Transoesophageal echocardiography
- persistent left superior vena cava
- absent right superior vena cava
- CT imaging
- coronary sinus
- CT scanning
- echocardiography (three-dimensional)
A patient with fever of unknown origin was transferred from a peripheral hospital for transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) to exclude infective endocarditis. No vegetations were identified; however, a large coronary sinus (CS, 3.5 cm) was noted (panel A and video 1). Persistent left-sided superior vena cava (SVC) was confirmed following agitated saline contrast injection into the left antecubital vein …
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.
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