Background The individual benefit from cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) varies largely among patients.
Aims To compare different definitions of echocardiographic super-response to CRT regarding their ability to predict the incidence of adverse events.
Methods Three definitions of super-response to CRT were evaluated in 110 consecutive patients with CRT implantation: (1) an absolute increase in ejection fraction of ≥10%; (2) a decrease in left ventricular end-systolic volume of ≥30%; and (3) a decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic volume of ≥20%. The primary endpoint was a combination of time to death, heart transplantation, ventricular assist device implantation and hospitalisation for heart failure. Secondary endpoints included time to first appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) discharge during follow-up.
Results All three definitions of super-response were highly predictive of a reduced risk for reaching the primary combined endpoint (3-year estimators: 64%±7% vs 82%±7% for ejection fraction ≥10%; 63%±8% vs 92%±5% for end-systolic volume ≥30%; and 62%±8% vs 94%±4% for end-diastolic volume ≥20%; all p<0.001). In all three analyses, super-responders had a significantly shorter time from diagnosis of heart failure until the time point of CRT implantation. However, even super-responders, independent of the definition, did experience appropriate ICD discharges during follow-up.
Conclusions All three definitions of super-response are highly predictive for a favourable outcome after CRT. However, even patients with pronounced reverse left ventricular remodelling experience appropriate ICD discharges during follow-up.
- Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT)
- long-term survival arrhythmias
- atrial fibrillation
- atrial flutter
- endocardial map
- sick sinus syndrome
- radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
- implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
- cardiomyopathy restrictive
- nuclear cardiology
- cardiomyopathy hypertrophic
- sudden cardiac death
- stable angina
- coronary artery disease (CAD)
- heart failure
- tissue doppler
- heart failure treatment
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