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Diagnosis of heart failure in primary care: the syndrome and the spectrum
  1. Claudia Fotzeu
  1. Correspondence to Claudia Fotzeu, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA; cfotzeu{at}

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To the Editor I read with great interest the article by Hobbs et al.1 I commend the authors for their original review of the diagnosis of heart failure in primary care. Heart failure as defined by current guidelines published by professional societies in North America2 and Europe3 is a syndrome in which patients must have both typical signs and symptoms of heart failure and objective …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.

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    FD Richard Hobbs Jenny Doust Jonathan Mant Martin R Cowie