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Arrhythmogenic superior vena cava caused by partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
  1. Kotaro Fukumoto,
  2. Seiji Takatsuki,
  3. Ayaka Endo
  1. Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku City, Tokyo, Japan
  1. Correspondence to Kotaro Fukumoto, Cardiology Division, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku City, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan; fukumoto{at}

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A 52-year-old man with symptomatic multidrug refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) was referred to our hospital for catheter ablation. Irregular atrial tachycardia (AT) with positive P waves in the inferior leads higher than those during sinus rhythm, as well as AF with typical fibrillatory waves, was detected on electrocardiogram recorded in his clinical course …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.