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Valvular heart disease
Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of prosthetic valve function

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  • Competing interests In compliance with EBAC/EACCME guidelines, all authors participating in Education in Heart have disclosed potential conflicts of interest that might cause a bias in the article. Dr Pibarot has received research grants from Edwards Life Sciences, Medtronic Inc, and Sorin Medical. Dr Dumesnil has no conflict of interest with regard to this work.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.