Background Left main disease (LMD) and three-vessel disease (3VD) have important prognostic value in patients with coronary artery disease. However, uncertainties still exist about their prevalence and predictors in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and also in patients with stable coronary disease. Thus the aim of this study was to perform an international collaborative systematic review and meta-analysis to appraise the prevalence and predictors of LMD and 3VD.
Methods Medline/PubMed were systematically searched for eligible studies published up to 2010, reporting multivariate predictors of LMD or 3VD. Study features, patient characteristics, and prevalence and predictors of LMD and 3VD were abstracted and pooled with random-effect methods (95% CIs).
Results 17 studies (22 740 patients) were included, 11 focusing on ACS (17 896 patients) and six on stable coronary disease (4844 patients). In the ACS subgroup, LMD or 3VD occurred in 20% (95% CI 7.2% to 33.4%), LMD in 12% (95% CI 10.5% to 13.5%), and 3VD in 25% (95% CI 23.1% to 27.0%). Heart failure at admission and extent of ST-segment elevation in lead aVR on 12-lead ECG were the most powerful predictors of LMD or 3VD. In the stable disease subgroup, LMD or 3VD was found in 36% (95% CI 18.5% to 48.8%), with the most powerful predictors being transient ischaemic dilation during the imaging stress test, extent of ST-segment elevation in aVR and V1 during the stress test, and hyperlipidaemia.
Conclusions This meta-analysis demonstrated that severe coronary disease—that is, LMD or 3VD—is more common in patients with ACS or stable coronary disease than generally perceived, and that simple and low-cost tools may help in the selection of the most appropriate therapeutic approach.
- Left main
- multivariate predictors
- multivessel disease
- non-invasive assessment
- systematic review
- great vessels and trauma
- cardiac function
- coronary stenting
- population studies
- remodelling of LV
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval Division of Cardiology, University of Turin.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.