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Almanac 2012—adult cardiac surgery: the national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology
  1. Ben Bridgewater
  1. Correspondence to Ben Bridgewater, UHSM, Southmoor Road, Manchester M23 9LT; ben.bridgewater{at}


This review covers the important publications in adult cardiac surgery in the last few years, including the current evidence base for surgical revascularisation and the use of off-pump surgery, bilateral internal mammary arteries and endoscopic vein harvesting. The changes in conventional aortic valve surgery are described alongside the outcomes of clinical trials and registries for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, and the introduction of less invasive and novel approaches of conventional aortic valve replacement surgery. Surgery for mitral valve disease is also considered, with particular reference to surgery for asymptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation.

  • Cardiac surgery
  • quality of care and outcomes
  • valvular disease
  • mitral regurgitation

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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    BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Cardiovascular Society