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Women's cardiovascular health in India
  1. Clara K Chow1,2,3,
  2. Anushka A Patel1,2,4
  1. 1The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia
  2. 2Department of Medicine, The University of Sydney, Australia
  3. 3Department of Cardiology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia
  4. 4The George Institute for Global Health India, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anushka A Patel, The George Institute for Global Health India, 839C, Road No. 44A, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad 500 033, Andhra Pradesh, India; apatel{at}


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death among adult women in many parts of India and a major cause of morbidity. In some parts of the world, gender inequities have been observed in cardiovascular healthcare and cardiovascular outcomes. The authors discuss the data for potential disparities in cardiovascular healthcare for women in India. Data on cardiovascular healthcare provision and CVD outcomes among women in India are generally lacking. The little available data suggest that women in rural areas, younger women and girl children with CVD are less likely to receive appropriate management than men, with this disparity most apparent in those of lower socioeconomic status and education. However, there is a particular lack of information about the prevention and management of atherosclerotic heart disease in women from a range of communities that comprise the extremely diverse population of India.

  • Risk stratification
  • EBM
  • antihypertensive drugs
  • lipid lowering
  • clinical trials
  • epidemiology
  • international public health
  • CT scanning
  • cardiovascular epidemiology
  • cardiovascular disease

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the University of Sydney.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.