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Conflict of interest policies and disclosure requirements among European Society of Cardiology national cardiovascular journals
  1. Fernando Alfonso1,
  2. Adam Timmis2,
  3. Fausto J Pinto3,
  4. Giuseppe Ambrosio4,
  5. Hugo Ector5,
  6. Piotr Kulakowski6,
  7. Panos Vardas7,
  8. on behalf of the Editors' Network European Society of Cardiology Task Force
  1. Editors' Network members:,
  2. Loizos Antoniades8,
  3. Mansoor Ahmad9,
  4. Eduard Apetrei10,
  5. Kaduo Arai11,
  6. Jean-Yves Artigou12,
  7. Michael Aschermann13,
  8. Michael Böhm14,
  9. Leonardo Bolognese15,
  10. Raffaele Bugiardini16,
  11. Ariel Cohen17,
  12. Istvan Edes18,
  13. Joseph Elias19,
  14. Javier Galeano20,
  15. Eduardo Guarda21,
  16. Habib Haouala22,
  17. Magda Heras23,
  18. Christer Höglund24,
  19. Kurt Huber25,
  20. Ivan Hulin26,
  21. Mario Ivanusa27,
  22. Rungroj Krittayaphong28,
  23. Chi-Tai Kuo29,
  24. Chu-Pak Lau30,
  25. Victor A Lyusov31,
  26. Germanas Marinskis32,
  27. Manlio F Márquez33,
  28. Izet Masic34,
  29. Luiz Felipe Pinho Moreira35,
  30. Alexander Mrochek36,
  31. Rafael G Oganov37,38,
  32. Dimitar Raev39,
  33. Mamanti Rogava40,
  34. Olaf Rødevand41,
  35. Vedat Sansoy42,
  36. Hiroaki Shimokawa43,
  37. Valentin A Shumakov44,
  38. Carlos Daniel Tajer45,
  39. Ernst E van der Wall46,
  40. Christodoulos Stefanadis47,
  41. Jørgen Videbæk48,
  42. Thomas F Lüscher49
  1. 1Chairman Editors' Network, Cardiovascular Institute, Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, London Chest Hospital, London, UK
  3. 3Department of Cardiology, Lisbon University Medical School, Lisboa, Portugal
  4. 4University of Perugia School of Medicine, Perugia, Italy
  5. 5Department of Cardiology, University Clinic Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium
  6. 6Department of Cardiology, Grochowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland
  7. 7Cardiology Department, Heraklion University Hospital, Heraklion, Greece
  8. 8Editor-in-Chief, Cyprus Heart Journal
  9. 9Editor-in-Chief, Pakistan Heart Journal
  10. 10Editor-in-Chief, Romanian Journal of Cardiology
  11. 11Editor-in-Chief, Avances Cardiológicos
  12. 12Editor-in-Chief, Archives des maladies du cœur et des vaisseaux Pratique
  13. 13Editor-in-Chief, Cor et Vasa
  14. 14Editor-in-Chief, Clinical Research in Cardiology
  15. 15Editor-in-Chief, Giornale Italiano Di Cardiologia
  16. 16Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
  17. 17Editor-in-Chief, Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
  18. 18Editor-in-Chief, Cardiologia Hungarica
  19. 19Editor-in-Chief, Heart News
  20. 20Editor-in-Chief, Journal of the Paraguayan Society of Cardiology
  21. 21Editor-in-Chief, Revista Chilena de Cardiologia
  22. 22Editor-in-Chief, Cardiologie Tunisienne
  23. 23Editor-in-Chief, Revista Española de Cardiología
  24. 24Editor-in-Chief, Svensk Cardiologi
  25. 25Editor-in-Chief, Journal für Kardiologie
  26. 26Editor-in-Chief, Cardiology Letters/Kardiológia
  27. 27Editor-in-Chief, Kardio List
  28. 28Editor-in-Chief, Thai Heart Journal
  29. 29Editor-in-Chief, Acta Cardiologica Sinica
  30. 30Editor-in-Chief, Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology
  31. 31Editor-in-Chief, Russian Cardiology Journal
  32. 32Editor-in-Chief, Seminars in Cardiovascular Medicine
  33. 33Editor-in-Chief, Archivos de Cardiología de México
  34. 34Editor-in-Chief, Medical Archives
  35. 35Editor-in-Chief, Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
  36. 36Editor-in-Chief, Cardiology in Belarus
  37. 37Editor-in-Chief, Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention
  38. 38Editor-in-Chief, Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology
  39. 39Editor-in-Chief, Bulgarian Cardiology
  40. 40Editor-in-Chief, Cardiology and Internal Medicine XXI
  41. 41Editor-in-Chief, Hjerteforum
  42. 42Editor-in-Chief, Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
  43. 43Editor-in-Chief, Circulation Journal
  44. 44Editor-in-Chief, Ukrainian Journal of Cardiology
  45. 45Editor-in-Chief, Revista Argentina de Cardiologia
  46. 46Editor-in-Chief, Netherlands Heart Journal
  47. 47Editors-in-Chief, Hellenic Journal of Cardiology
  48. 48Editor-in-Chief, Cardiologisk Forum
  49. 49Editor-in-Chief, Kardiovaskuläre Medizin
  1. Correspondence to Dr Fernando Alfonso, Interventional Cardiology, Cardiovascular Institute, Clínico San Carlos University Hospital, Plaza de Cristo Rey, Ciudad Universitaria, IdISSC, Madrid, Spain; falf{at}


Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest (COI) is used by biomedical journals to guarantee credibility and transparency of the scientific process. COI disclosure, however, is not systematically nor consistently dealt with by journals. Recent joint editorial efforts paved the way towards the implementation of uniform vehicles for COI disclosure. This paper provides a comprehensive editorial perspective on classical COI-related issues. New insights into current COI policies and practices among European Society of Cardiology national cardiovascular journals, as derived from a cross-sectional survey using a standardised questionnaire, are discussed.

  • Conflict of interest
  • disclosure
  • editorial ethics
  • journals
  • interventional cardiology
  • intravascular ultrasound
  • coronary stenting
  • heart transplant pathology
  • stable angina
  • coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • EBM
  • echocardiography (transoesophageal)
  • cardiac ultrasound
  • echocardiography (three-dimensional)
  • intracoronary doppler
  • intravascular ultrasound
  • arrhythmias
  • pacing
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  • This is a joint simultaneous publication initiative involving all interested National and Affiliated Cardiovascular Journals of the European Society of Cardiology.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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