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Complexity of molecular forms of B-type natriuretic peptide in heart failure

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  • Funding This study was supported in part by Scientific Research Grants-in-Aid 20590837 and 23591041 from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (to TN); a grant (AS 232Z01302F) from the Japan Science and Technology Agency (to TN); a grant from the Suzuken Memorial Foundation (to TN) and the Intramural Research Fund of National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center (to NM).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Contributors TN mainly wrote the manuscript. YN, KK, and NM criticised it and provided the useful discussion.

  • KN and KK are supervisors and they provided useful comments to the manuscript.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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