Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Valvular heart disease
Three dimensional echocardiography for quantification of valvular heart disease

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Contributorship JLZ and AG both contributed to the planning, conduct, and reporting of the work. JLZ is responsible for the overall content as guarantor.

  • Competing interests In compliance with EBAC/EACCME guidelines, all authors participating in Education in Heart have disclosed potential conflicts of interest that might cause a bias in the article The authors have no competing interests.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.