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Valvular heart diseases
Transcatheter heart valve implantation for failing surgical bioprostheses: technical considerations and evidence for valve-in-valve procedures

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  • Darren Mylotte is supported by the Beth Raby Fellowship Program.

  • Contributors All authors have contributed significantly to the submitted work.

  • Competing interests In compliance with EBAC/EACCME guidelines, all authors participating in Education in Heart have disclosed potential conflicts of interest that might cause a bias in the article. Dr Piazza is a consultant for Medtronic. Professor Lange is a consultant for Medtronic.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.