Objectives To distinguish left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) origin in idiopathic premature ventricular contractions or ventricular tachycardia (PVCs/VT) patients with transitional lead at V3 is still a challenge. We sought to develop a new electrocardiography (ECG) algorithm for distinguishing LVOT from RVOT origin in patients with idiopathic outflow tract PVCs/VT with precordial transitional lead at V3.
Methods We analysed the surface ECG characteristics in a retrospective cohort of idiopathic PVCs/VT patients with transitional lead at V3 who underwent successful radiofrequency catheter ablation and developed a new surface ECG algorithm, then validated it in a prospective cohort.
Results A total of 82 consecutive patients (47 ± 17years, 39% male) underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of idiopathic outflow tract PVCs/VT between January 2006 and August 2010. Among them, 31 patients (38%) with transitional lead at V3 constituted the retrospective cohort. Based on the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves, R-wave deflection interval in lead V3 > 80 ms and R-wave amplitude index in lead V1 > 0.30 were selected to develop the new surface ECG algorithm. It correctly identified the origin sites of eleven from 12 patients in the prospective cohort, yielding the accuracy of 91.7%.
Conclusions We presented a new simple surface ECG algorithm, R-wave deflection interval in lead V3 > 80 ms combining with R-wave amplitude index in lead V1 > 0.30 which can reliably distinguish LVOT from RVOT origin in idiopathic outflow tract PVCs/VT in patients with transitional lead at V3.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.