Article Text

PDF
Tachycardia after acute deceleration injury
  1. Vickram Singh,
  2. Mesbah Rahman,
  3. Alan G Fraser
  1. Departments of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Vickram Singh, Departments of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff CF14 4XW, UK; vickram.singh{at}wales.nhs.uk

Abstract

A 29-year-old man crashed at high speed into another vehicle at traffic lights. He was able to get out of his van but then collapsed after running a few metres. On arrival in the emergency department he was conscious, with a pulse of 140 beats/min and blood pressure of 110/32 mm Hg. He had collapsing arterial pulses and an early diastolic murmur. He had a chest radiograph (figure 1A) and a skeletal survey which demonstrated multiple fractures, involving his left hand, right femur, right calcaneus, and left first and second ribs. A CT scan of the thorax was performed with a radiological contrast agent but without gated images because of the tachycardia (Figure 1B). The blood pressure and pulse were attributed to blood loss into the right thigh. Urgent cardiology review and bedside echocardiography were requested before he had emergency orthopaedic surgery (figure 1C, D) (online supplementary video 1).

Supplementary file 1

Figure 1

(A–D) Chest radiograph, CT thorax with contrast, parasternal long-axis transthoracic view (grey scale) and with colour flow. The arrow in section C highlights the area of significance (mobile linear structure).

Question What is the most likely diagnosis?

  1. Traumatic dissection of the aortic root.

  2. Subaortic membrane or diaphragm.

  3. Traumatic transection of the aorta.

  4. Traumatic rupture of the aortic valve.

  5. Myocardial rupture.

  • valvular heart disease
  • aortic regurgitation
  • cardiac imaging and diagnostics

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors VS wrote the manuscript; AGF and MR reviewed and revised it.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.