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Original research
Growth differentiation factor-15 as candidate predictor for mortality in adults with pulmonary hypertension
  1. Laurie W Geenen1,
  2. Vivan J M Baggen1,
  3. Robert M Kauling1,
  4. Thomas Koudstaal2,
  5. Karin A Boomars2,
  6. Eric Boersma1,3,
  7. Jolien W Roos-Hesselink1,
  8. Annemien E van den Bosch1
  1. 1Department of Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Annemien E van den Bosch, Department of Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands; a.e.vandenbosch{at}erasmusmc.nl

Footnotes

  • Contributors All the authors contributed to one or more of the following: conception of design of the work (VJMB, KAB, EB, JWR-H, AEvdB), data collection (LWG, VJMB, RMK, TK, KAB, JWR-H, AEvdB), data analysis and interpretation (LWG, VJMB, EB, JWR-H and AEvdB), drafting the manuscript (LWG, JWR-H and AEvdB) and critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content (all authors).

  • Funding Roche provided GDF-15 assays free of charge for the support of this investigator-initiated study.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available on reasonable request.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors All the authors contributed to one or more of the following: conception of design of the work (VJMB, KAB, EB, JWR-H, AEvdB), data collection (LWG, VJMB, RMK, TK, KAB, JWR-H, AEvdB), data analysis and interpretation (LWG, VJMB, EB, JWR-H and AEvdB), drafting the manuscript (LWG, JWR-H and AEvdB) and critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content (all authors).

  • Funding Roche provided GDF-15 assays free of charge for the support of this investigator-initiated study.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available on reasonable request.

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