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Original research
Hospital variation of 30-day readmission rate following transcatheter aortic valve implantation


Objectives Thirty-day readmission rate is one of the hospital quality metrics. Outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have improved significantly, but it remains unclear whether hospital-level variance in 30-day readmission rate exists in the contemporary TAVI era.

Methods From the 2017 US Nationwide Readmission Database, endovascular TAVI were identified. The unadjusted 30-day readmission rate and 30-day risk-standardised readmission rate (RSRR) were calculated and we then conducted model testing to determine the relative contribution of hospital characteristics, patient-level covariates and economic status to the variation in readmission rates observed between the hospitals.

Results A total of 44 899 TAVI from 338 hospitals were identified. The range of unadjusted 30-day readmission rate and 30-day RSRR was 2.0%–33.3% and 9.4%–15.3%, respectively. Median 30-day RSRR was 11.8% and there was a significant hospital-level variation (median OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.16 to 1.32, p<0.01) and this was similar in both readmissions caused due to major cardiac and non-cardiac conditions. Patient, hospital and economic factors accounted for 9.6%, 1.9% and 3.8% of the variability in hospital readmission rate, respectively.

Conclusions There was significant hospital-level variation in 30-day RSRR following TAVI. Further measures are required to mitigate this variance in the readmission rate.

  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement
  • quality of health care
  • aortic valve stenosis

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