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Original research
Guideline-directed medical therapy after transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair

Abstract

Objective A sizeable proportion of patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) do not receive guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) for heart failure (HF). We investigated the association between the use of GDMT and mortality in patients with SMR who underwent transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER).

Methods We retrospectively analysed patients with SMR and a left ventricular ejection fraction of <50% who underwent TEER at three centres. According to current HF guidelines, GDMT was defined as triple therapy consisting of beta-blockers, renin–angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs). Patients were divided into two groups: GDMT and non-GDMT groups. We calculated the propensity scores and carried out inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analyses to compare 2-year mortality between the two groups.

Results Of 463 patients, 228 (49.2%) were treated with GDMT upon discharge. IPTW-adjusted Kaplan-Meier curve showed patients with GDMT had a lower incidence of mortality than those without GDMT (19.8% vs 31.1%, p=0.011). In IPTW-adjusted Cox proportional hazards analysis, GDMT was associated with a reduced risk of 2-year mortality (HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.95; p=0.030), which was consistent among clinical subgroups. Moreover, patients with GDMT had a higher rate of left ventricular reverse remodelling at 1 year after TEER than those without GDMT.

Conclusion GDMT, defined as triple therapy consisting of beta-blockers, RAS inhibitors and MRAs, was associated with a reduced risk of 2-year mortality after TEER for SMR. Optimisation of medical therapy is crucial to improve clinical outcomes in patients undergoing TEER for SMR.

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

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