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Management of valve dysfunction in patients with mitral annular calcification

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  • Contributors Both authors contributed equally in writing the manuscript. TJD created the figures and tables.

  • Funding TJD is supported by the Clinician Scientist programme of the German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK; FKZ 81X3710109).

  • Competing interests LC is an advisory board member for Medtronic, Abbott, JenaValve and Neovasc and has received personal fees from Edwards Lifesciences, Boston Scientific, MicroInterventions and PiCardia.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.