Re:Have I missed something here?
Peri-ablation dabigatran in atrial fibrillation: not only about thromboembolism.
We have read with interest the letter by Ward (1) about our recent publication (2). The author raised an important point: why should dabigatran be interrupted during a procedure known to be associated with risk of thromboembolic events? Ward also noted that our meta-analysis did not include any study with uninterrupted dabigatran. While it is true that left atrial ablation procedures are associated with risk of thromboembolism, they also carry risk of potentially life threatening bleeding.
Given the low thromboembolism and bleeding rates with uninterrupted warfarin, it would appear reasonable to consider the use of uninterrupted dabigatran. Factors that have deterred its use include lack of an antidote and the overall lesser clinical experience with the medication in comparison to warfarin. An increased requirement for intra-procedural heparin with peri-ablation dabigatran (3), and prior report of more bleeding with peri-ablation dabigatran (4) use may have also limited use of this approach. Importantly, most of the available studies have examined interrupted dabigatran versus warfarin (often uninterrupted), and the results of several meta-analyses (5,6,7) have shown a comparable efficacy and safety profile for the two anticoagulants. We limited our analysis to studies that compared interrupted dabigatran with warfarin therapy to minimize in between studies heterogeneity that would impact interpretation and applicability the results. If more data become available on uninterrupted dabigatran use, it could become a more widely accepted approach if safety is proven.
1. Ward D. Have I missed something here? . Heart.2013. (In press)
2. Bin Abdulhak AA, Khan AR, Tleyjeh IM, et al. Dabigatran in the setting of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: the road ahead. Heart Published Online First: [10/14/2013] doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2013-304989
3. Konduru SV, Cheema AA, Jones P,et al. Differences in intra- procedural ACTs with standardized heparin dosing during catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation in patients treated with dabigatran vs. patients on uninterrupted warfarin. J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2012; 35: 277 - 84.
4. Lakkireddy D,Reddy YM,Di Biase L,et al.Feasibility and safety of dabigatran versus warfarin for periprocedural anticoagulation in patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation: results from a multicenter prospective registry. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;59:1168-74.
5. Bin Abdulhak AA, Khan AR, Tleyjeh IM, et al.Safety and efficacy of interrupted dabigatran for peri-procedural anticoagulation in catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta- analysis.Europace (2013) 15 (10): 1412-1420
6. Providencia R, Albenque J-P, Combes S, et al. Safety and efficacy of dabigatran versus warfarin in patients undergoing catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Heart Published Online First: 22 July 2013 doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2013- 304386.
7. Hohnloser S, Camm A. Safety and efficacy of dabigatran etexilate during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis of the literature. Europace 2013;15(10):1407-11.
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