Table 1

Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with acute myocardial infarction according to the presence or absence of left ventricular thrombosis at any time

LVT absent (n=693)LVT present (n=64)p Value
Values are mean (SD) or %.
AMI, acute myocardial infarction; CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; EDVI, end diastolic volume indexed; EF, ejection fraction; ESVI, end systolic volume indexed; LV, left ventricular; LVT, left ventricular thrombus formation; MR, mitral regurgitation (the numbers 2–3 indicate the severity of the regurgitation); PTCA, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; WMA, wall motion asynergy.
Age (years)60 (12)64 (13)<0.005
Anterior AMI2767<0.0001
β Blockers2736NS
Oral anticoagulant4.88.5NS
Mean LV EF48%43%<0.001
LV EDVI (ml/m2)78 (12)87 (22)<0.001
LV ESVI (ml/m2)41 (14)50 (17)<0.001
LV WMA (%)25 (14)41 (11)<0.001
MR 2–3 at S14.210.9<0.05
Peak E velocity (cm/s)66 (22)62 (27)NS
Left atrial area (cm2)17.2 (3.7)16.9 (3.8)NS