Table 1

Perioperative complications during isolated CABG (%)

First operationReoperation
Modified from Borst and Gründeman.w10
CABG, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Number of patients15715913736
Mortality 2.6 7.3
Myocardial infarction 1.1 3.4
Reoperation 4.6 7.4
    For bleeding 2.2 3.1
Stroke 2.4 3.1
    Permanent 1.7 2.2
    Transient 0.7 0.8
Pulmonary
    Prolonged ventilation (>24 hours) 5.3 10.2
    Oedema 1.9 3.4
    Pneumonia 2.2 3.8
    Acute distress syndrome 1.4 1.8
Renal failure 2.9 5.2
    Dialysis required 0.8 1.7
Gastrointestinal complications 2.3 3.0
Multiorgan failure 0.6 1.4
Infection 4.9 6.0
    Sternal 1.3 1.5
    Leg 1.3 1.5
    Urinary tract 1.4 1.4
    Sepsis 0.9 1.6