Table 1

Haemodynamic and biochemical changes with glucose–insulin–potassium (GIK)

Pre-GIKPost-GIKp Value
Values are mean (SD).
*Normal range in parentheses.
Pulse (beats/min)64 (9)62 (9)NS
Mean arterial pressure (mm Hg)88 (13)87 (15)NS
Glucose (mmol/l) (3.0–7.8)*7.8 (3.0)5.6 (2.7)<0.001
Potassium (mmol/l) (3.2–4.5)*4.1 (0.4)3.8 (0.4)<0.001
Adrenaline (nmol/l) (0.1–1.5)*0.3 (0.2)0.4 (0.4)0.03
Noradrenaline (nmol/l) (0.1–6.3)*1.5 (0.8)1.6 (1.2)NS
Lactate (mmol/l) (0.7–2.5)*1.6 (0.5)1.5 (4.0)NS