Table 1

Resting and exercise blood pressures in the two groups

SubjectsControlsp Value
Values are mean (SD).
BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; F, female; M, male.
Sex28 M, 17 F20 M, 13 F
Age (years)29.830.60.77
BMI (kg/m2)30.3 (14.8)31.6 (12.6)0.67
Resting systolic right arm BP (mm Hg)129.7 (19.2)120.7 (12.1) 0.014
Resting diastolic right arm BP (mm Hg)76.8 (9.0)72.2 (8.0) 0.02
Resting systolic arm–leg gradient (mm Hg)3.4 (13.3)−2.12 (8.1) 0.027
Peak exercise systolic right arm BP (mm Hg)186.3 (37.5)178.5 (20.8)0.25
Peak exercise diastolic right arm BP (mm Hg)71.5 (13.0)69.6 (8.7)0.45
Peak exercise systolic arm–leg gradient (mm Hg)50.4 (39.1)25.9 (24.0) 0.001
Recovery systolic right arm BP (mm Hg)141.0 (25.6)135.4 (16.7)0.25
Recovery diastolic right arm BP (mm Hg)71.8 (9.0)68.5 (8.3)0.10
Recovery systolic arm–leg gradient (mm Hg)27.0 (25.8)15.4 (17.5) 0.024
Peak heart rate (beats/min)176.9 (17.4)182.9 (15.5)0.11