Table 4

Rates (age standardised) of antecedent conditions for congestive heart failure in adult Singaporeans

RatesPer cent change
AllChineseIndianMalayAllChineseIndianMalay
Sources:
*National Health Survey, Singapore.
†Singapore myocardial infarct registry data, published data: population 30–64 years.
‡Unpublished data based on National Heart Centre and Singapore myocardial infarct registry data.
Percentage changes were calculated as proportions of change from baseline in 1992 for prevalence data, and from regression estimates based on consecutive years for year of incidence data from 1991 to 1998. AMI, acute myocardial infarction.
Diabetes mellitus, prevalence per 100000*19928.47.712.210.1
19988.17.014.510.7−3.6−9.1+18.8+5.9
Hypertension, prevalence per 100000*199222.522.320.324.7
199826.626.023.732.3+18.2+16.6+16.7+30.8
AMI, incidence per 100000 (30–64 years)†1991105.985.3247.2185.4
199993.071.3241.0164.6−15.0−14.9−14.5−5.3
Case fatality (one year post-AMI) per 100 patients (20–64 years)‡198831.329.028.540.6
199725.125.321.827.4−22.6−20.5−21.5−29.4