Table 1

 Risk factors for CVD and recommended European target goals: key points

HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol.
Non-modifiable
• AgeMen: ⩾45 years
Women: >55 years
• Personal history of CHD
• Family history of CHD
Modifiable Target goals
• High TC<5.0 mmol/l (<190 mg/dl)
• High LDL-C<3.0 mmol/l (<115 mg/dl)
• Low HDL-C>1.1 mmol/l (>40 mg/dl)
• High triglyceride<1.2 mmol/l (<150 mg/dl)
• Hypertension<140/85 mm Hg (140/80 or 130/80 mm Hg in diabetes)
• Diabetes mellitusNormalise glucose concentrations (HBA1C below 7 mmol/l)
• Current tobacco useSmoking cessation
• ObesityBody mass index <25 kg/m2
• Sedentary lifestyleExercise for 30 minutes 3–5 times weekly