Table 1

Baseline characteristics

PFO STAR (nā€Š=ā€Š50)Amplatzer PFO occluder (nā€Š=ā€Š50)p Value
Values are mean (SD) or per cent.
CAD, coronary artery disease; EF, ejection fraction; PFO, patent foramen ovale; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.
Age (years)50 (14)50 (12)NS
Male sex (%)5042NS
Body mass index (kg/m2)26 (5)25 (4)NS
Follow up (years)2.2 (0.8)1.9 (0.6)0.02
Cardiovascular risk factors
Hypertension (%)2626NS
Diabetes mellitus (%)26NS
Smoking (%)3226NS
Family history of CAD (%)2412NS
Dyslipidaemia (%)4448NS
Embolic index event
TIA (%)3436NS
Stroke (%)6462NS
Diving accident (%)22NS
>1 event (%)4438NS
Mean number of events1.9 (1.1)1.8 (1.1)NS